is a green strip of land, in the South West corner of Indian peninsula. It has
only 1.1 8 per cent of the total area of the country but houses 3.43% of the
the country's population.
in 1956, when the states were reorganized, Kerala was formed after tying the
princely states of Travancore and Cochin with Malabar, a province under Madras
Kerala may be divided into three geographical regions: (1) High lands, (2) Midlands
and (3) Lowlands. The Highlands slope down from the Western Ghats which rise
to an average height of 900 m, with a number of peaks well over 1,800 m in height.
This is the area of major plantations like tea, coffee, rubber, cardamom and
The Midlands, lying between the mountains and the lowlands, is made up of undulating
hills and valleys. This is an area of intensive cultivation. Cashew, coconut,
areca nut, cassava (tapioca), banana, rice, ginger, pepper, sugarcane and vegetables
of myriad varieties are grown in this area.
It is a purified world in Kerala, the land of trees. A big, spreading tree purifies
as much air as a room air-conditioner. And the former is never switched off.
The prolific, bustling, vegetation acts like a massive, biological, air-filtration
plant working round the clock, round the year. Hence spending days in Kerala
countryside is as if spending in an air- purified environ; some times better
than it. So is the rejuvenating effect of the lush greenery of the state.
wanton growth of trees makes Kerala a herbarium. The four month-long, copious
monsoon and recurrent flurry make this land a perfect nursery for all living
beings. Loitering under the canopy of the foliage, you will feel blossoming
the dreams. Thus, on a sojourn in Kerala, away from the rough and tumble of
cities, you're breathing freshly purified air all the time.
Another piece de resistance of Kerala is the meandering rivers which criss-cross
the state physique like blood veins. Besides, water bodies tucked away in thick
forests also enhance the amazing beauty of the state. They fertilize the' land,
turn waste into the wealth of the rich, black, alluvial soil on which the agrarian
The Lowlands or the coastal area, made up of river deltas, backwaters and the
Arabian coast, is essentially a land of coconuts and rice. Fisheries and coif
industry constitute the major industries of this area.
Kerala is a land of rivers and backwaters. Forty-four rivers (41 west-flowing
and 3 east-flowing} criss-cross the state physique along with countless runlets.
During summer, these monsoon-fed rivers will turn into rivulets especially in
the upper parts of Kerala.
Backwaters are an attractive, economically valuable feature of Kerala. These
include lakes and ocean in lets which stretch irregularly along the Kerala coast.
The biggest among these backwaters is the Vembanad lake, with an area of 200
sq km, which opens out into the Arabian Sea at Cochin port.
The Periyar, Pamba, Manimala, Achenkovil, Meenachil and Moovattupuzha rivers
drain into this lake.The other important backwaters are Veli, Kadhinam kulam,
Anjengo (Anju Thengu),Edava, Nadayara, Paravoor. Ashtamudi (Quilon)
has over 25% of India's 15,000 plant species. Among them include endangered
and rare species, flowering plants, fungies, lichens and mosses. The state's
forest wealth include tropical wet evergreen, semi-green and tropical most deciduous.
Teak, Mahagoney, Rosewood and Sandalwood are common, the forests abound with
orchids, anthirium, balsam, and medicinal plants. banyan figs, bamboo as well
as 40,000 years old grasslands. Mangroves are seen in coastal areas and low,
morass lands. So fertile is the state, thanks to rivers and dams that are replenished
by copious rain in Western Ghats.
Kerala, India's most advanced society :
A hundred percent literate people.
World-class health care systems. India's lowest infant mortality and highest
life expectancy rates. The highest physical quality of life in India. Peaceful
and pristine, Kerala is also India's cleanest State.
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